CHICORY, Cichorium intybus L. 1, root and crown; 2, upper portion of stems with flowers; 3, individual flower; 4, seed. Perennial, reproducing by seed. Taproot large, deep, and fleshy. Stem erect, branched, smooth, and with a milky sap. Leaves basal and along the stems. Basal leaves forming a rosette, 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) long, lobed, and resembling those of a dandelion. Leaves on stems smaller and either less lobed or entire. Flower heads of ray flowers only, bright blue, about 1 inch (2.5 cm) across, formed at ends of branches and in the axils of leaves of upper part of plant. Flowers are most conspicuous in the morning and close later in the day. Seeds dark brown, wedge-shaped, about 1/8 inch (3 mm) long. Found along roadsides, in meadows and pastures. Seldom thrives in cultivated fields.