FLODMAN THISTLE, Cirsium flodmani (Rydb.) Arthur. 1, lower part of leafy stem; 2, upper portion of stem; 3, seed. Perennial, deep-rooted, reproducing from creeping rhizomes and seed. Stem 2 to 3 feet (60 to 90 cm) tall, covered with white felt, sparingly branched. Leaves in a rosette, light green to grayish on upper side, white with matted hair on lower side. First rosette leaves may be entire; later rosette and stem leaves become increasingly divided into needlelike lobes, cut sometimes to the midrib. Flowers reddish-purple, borne in heads surrounded by prickly bracts and often subtended by small, prickly leaves at base of head. Dorsal ridge of bracts may be resinous and sticky. Fruits 1-seeded (achenes), about 1/8 inch (3 mm) long. Found in pastures, fields, and meadows. often a problem in rural cemeteries.